Wine production depends heavily on the harvesting of wine gʀᴀᴘᴇs. When to harvest gʀᴀᴘᴇs is determined by the amount of acid, sugar, and tannin in the gʀᴀᴘᴇs, which is a sign of maturity. There are several ways to harvest and process gʀᴀᴘᴇs, including plucking, destemming, crushing, and fermenting. Each phase of the wine-making process is essential.
The harvest season can take place at various times of the year, depending on the location. While harvesting starts early in the year in the Southern Hemisphere, it starts in the Northern Hemisphere in or around July. When harvest is impacted by the climate because of heat, rain, hail, and frost.
While some vineyards now harvest their gʀᴀᴘᴇs mechanically, ᴍᴀɴy still use the traditional hand-selection approach. Both gʀᴀᴘᴇ harvesting techniques offer advantages and disadvantages in terms of cost, handling, and time.
Fermentation is the step that follows harvesting and destemming. Gʀᴀᴘᴇ juice is transformed into wine or another alcoholic beverage through the fermentation process. The fermentation process for wine goes through two stages: primary and secondary.
The collection of wine gʀᴀᴘᴇs is one of the most crucial steps in the production of wine. Mechanical harvesting and ᴍᴀɴual harvesting are the two ᴍᴇᴛʜods a wine gʀᴀᴘᴇ grower might use to get the gʀᴀᴘᴇs off the vine and ready for the crush. Because of the broken skins, hand-picking enables more careful selection and often prevents oxidation of the gʀᴀᴘᴇ juice.
Mechanical harvesters are a fantastic fit for large vineyards that are situated on flat terrain since they enable a more productive, frequently less expensive, operation. In order to guarantee lower sugar levels, the majority of wʜɪᴛe wine gʀᴀᴘᴇs are harvested after the sparkling wine gʀᴀᴘᴇs. Red wine gʀᴀᴘᴇs are typically harvested second because they take a bit longer to ripen completely. The dessert wines eventually reach the crushing after extensive dehydration on the vine to produce a gʀᴀᴘᴇ that resembles a raisin and has highly concentrated sugars.
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Video resource: Tantum Tech HD