The necessity to replace existing plantings with different kinds arises occasionally for gʀᴀᴘᴇ growers. This may be the result of a number of factors, including striving to live up to winery standards or diversifying into new or different types that may be gaining appeal in the market. The producer has two alternatives when deciding to switch a vineyard over to a new variety: either rip the vineyard out and start afresh or graft the vineyard to the desired variety. Both techniques have advantages and disadvantages; reestablishing a vineyard takes time, money, and up to five years before a productive crop can be harvested. Contrarily, grafting can result in a successful crop in the first year following grafting, making it a preferred choice for certain growers despite its high cost.

Gʀᴀᴘᴇ vines can be grafted using the T-bud, Cleft graft, and Chip budding techniques. The most common technique used in the wine industry, chip budding, will be covered here because of how quickly grafters can cover ground and how often they are effective. While the vine is dorᴍᴀɴt throughout the winter, the grafting procedure starts. The vine’s top is cut off, exposing only the trunk. You can start grafting the bud onto the existing trunk as soon as the sap starts to flow in the spring.

The Chip-bud ᴍᴇᴛʜod entails fitting a single bud into an ɪᴅᴇɴᴛɪᴄᴀʟly sized and shaped notch. In order for the sap to flow, the cambium layers of the notch and bud must fit tightly together. Grafting tape must be used to hold the graft in place after the bud has been successfully inserted into the notch. This tape keeps the graft in place and shields it from the elements so that a callus can develop. If the graft is effective, the bud will burst, and the new variety will appear on the ensuing stalk. The delicate shoots now need to be guided up to the trellis wire and tied to a thread in order to prevent them from being broken by the wind. When the shoots are long enough, they can be wrapped around the wire of the trellis, and the vine will begin to bear the new variety.

Let’s see the gʀᴀᴘᴇvine grafting process – how to graft a gʀᴀᴘᴇ tree. Grafted gʀᴀᴘᴇ vine modern agriculture techniques in the amazing video below.

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