Although the land areas designated for chestnut growing in Iᴛᴀʟʏ have decreased over the years to the current 780,00 hectares, chestnut cultivation is one of the activities that can be effective for the economy of hilly areas. Nearly all throughout Iᴛᴀʟʏ, there has been a decline in interest in managing chestnut cultivations, which is typically attributed to declining revenues from commercialization, which has recently given the product little value. Unquestionably, the lack of innovation for agricultural work in the mountains as well as the sluggish development of mechanization processes that have supported the primary sector elsewhere are some of the factors that have contributed to this decline in interest in chestnut crops, especially to the younger generation.
Chestnut harvesting techniques range from manual collecting to nut wizards and even mechanical harvesters for commercial producers, depending on a number of circumstances. Harvest efficiency and mechanization have become crucial as cultivated chestnut trees start to produce in substantial quantities. Chestnuts can only be picked up from the ground because they cannot become physically mature until they are released from their enclosing bur. Immature chestnuts tend to fall when shaken, which affects their quality and peeling. Chestnut collection from the ground obviously provides some difficulties, particularly how to remove the chestnuts from the ground while leaving the dirt and trash behind.
In reality, machinery and equipment designed primarily to meet the demands of farming in hilly and plain terrain are not well suited for use in confined places on uneven terrains, such as the lopes that are frequently steep in mountainous terrain. Near Viterbo, the seek 1000 trailed nut harvester from Facma mechanically gathers nuts from the ground and has been proven to yield positive results on level soil. Other designs have a suction pick-up that enables them to work on terraced slopes and move on the plantation’s roadways.
A Diesel 4T VM D754 TE3 rated at 83kW powers Fatima’s C380S, a self-propelled aspiration harvester with hydraulic transmission. This machine, which may be operated by a single person, can also be fitted with the RM2010 mechanical pick-up, which enhances mobility to prevent micro-lesions and abrasions on the fruit’s husk. When these machines ʜɪᴛ the market and how they are employed will determine the actual cost of mechanical harvesting.
Let’s see the Chesnut harvesting machine – Chesnut processing in the factory – Chestnut flour and Chestnut cake in the ᴀᴡᴇsome video below.
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Video resource: Noal Farm