Pomegranate (Punica granatum) is a very important fruit crop that is grown all over Iɴᴅɪᴀ. It mainly originated in Iʀᴀɴ, and extensively Pomegranate farming is spread through completed within Mediterranean countries like Sᴘᴀɪɴ, Morocco, Baluchistan, Eɢʏᴘᴛ, Iʀᴀɴ, and Aғɢʜᴀɴɪsᴛᴀɴ, it is used as a form of extortion in Myanmar, Cʜɪɴᴀ, the United States, and Iɴᴅɪᴀ.
Maharashtra is one of the leading cultivation with 90 thousand ha of areas with an annual production of 9.45 lakh Mt tones and 10.5 Mt/ha productivity. Maharashtra state accounted for 84 percent of all production and 78 percent of all land in Iɴᴅɪᴀ. Pomegranate is one of the foremost favorite table fruits. Fresh fruits are used for table purposes. Pomegranate will also prepare processed products like syrup, juice, jelly, squash, Anar rub, juice concentrates, Anar dana tablets, acids, carbonated cold drinks, etc. Pomegranate fruit is nutritious and rich in proteins, minerals, and vitamins. Patients who suffer from leprosy can benefit from the juice.
For successful pomegranate cultivation and it’s needed essentially dry and semi-arid weather, and also need cold winter and high dry summer quality enables fruit production. Pomegranate plants should be regarded as drought-tolerant and can endure some levels of cold. The accurate temperature for fruit development is 35-38 °C. The region with 500m above water level is best fitted for pomegranate cultivation.
Considering the soil requirement, it is often grown under different soil types, from low-fertile to high-fertile soil. However, it produces an excellent yield in deep loamy soil. To a certain extent, it can withstand salinity and alkalinity in the soil. Growing pomegranates need soil with a pH range of 6.5 to 7.5.
Pit preparation and planting
Ninety-day-old Pomegranate plants are ready to transplant into most fields in pits. Prepare an appropriate size of Hell is 60cm x 60cm x 60. The ideal planting distance followed by farmers is 10 to 12ft between plants and 13-15ft between rows. During monsoon, pits are crammed with farmyard manure, single superphosphate, and neem cake. The optimum time for pomegranate planting is within the season when sufficient soil moisture is out there for plants’ optimum growth.
Pomegranates may be a drought-resistant fruit crop that can, to some extent, withstand water scarcity. Regular irrigation is additionally essential to scale back fruit splitting, which is the major disorder of fruits. During winter, irrigation should be applied at 10 to 12 days of intervals, whereas during summer at 4 to five days. The majority of farms used drip irrigation, which saves water and makes fertilizers easier to utilize. Ambe Bahar is typically advised wherever there is an irrigation facility.
Pomegranate fruit may harvest is starting after 150 to 180 days from flowering to fruit maturity. It depends upon genotype, climatic conditions, and growing region. Fruits should be harvested when they are at the optimum maturity stage since premature harvesting happens when fruits are dull, immature, or improperly ripened. In contrast, late harvesting results in more susceptibility to the ᴀᴛᴛᴀᴄᴋ of disorders. However, Pomegranate is a non-climacteric fruit that ought to be harvested after at proper ripening stage.
There are a number of harvest indicators used to judge the pomegranate fruits’ maturity and harvesting. Dark bitter floom color should be developed on the surface and dark pink aril is mostly liked by the consumers. The calyx at the rock bottom of Pomegranate fruits gets turned inward side is additionally a maturity index. Fruits of pomegranate shouldn’t be over-ripened. Fruits should be picked with the aid of secateurs or clippers because manual picking may result in clusters of ᴅᴀᴍᴀɢᴇd fruits.
Let’s see ᴀᴡᴇsome agriculture technology: Pomegranate cultivation-pomegranate farm and harvest in the amazing video below.
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Video resource: Noal Farm