Eastern Iɴᴅɪᴀ and southern Asia are the native home of the mango. In the tropics, mangoes are one of the fruits that are most frequently grown. Mangoes come in more than 500 different varieties. Some can reach heights of more than 100 feet and widths of more than 30 feet. Ideal for home gardens, smaller dwarf cultivars only reach heights of 4 to 8 feet. The mango with the highest cultivation is Tommy Atkins. At maturity, it grows 10 to 12 feet tall. The mango fruit can vary in size, taste, skin color, and freshness. The fruit’s shape ranges from round to oval, its weight ranges from 6 ounces to 5 pounds, and its skin color ranges from green to orange to yellow as it ages, with fading red and green patches.

Mango cultivars that thrive in one environment could struggle in another. Some mangoes can thrive in humid areas, while others can only grow in dry climates. Not all mangoes can grow in all climates. To find out which cultivars will thrive in your area, speak with the nearby Cooperative Extension agency, a master gardener organization, or a neighborhood fruit producers’ association. For the majority of home gardens, dwarf cultivars work best when taking into account the cultivar’s height at maturity.

Planting Mango
Establish a planting location that receives full sun and is protected from prevailing winds or breezes. In colder climates, a south-facing wall that can absorb and radiate solar heat is a suitable site. Incorporate well-rotted manure or compost into the soil. Create a hole that is twice as big and half as deep as the tree’s roots. Pour a cup of all-purpose fertilizer into the hole’s bottom. Place the stake in the ground at least two feet away from the side of the hole. Although immature trees need to be staked at planting time, mature mango trees have deep roots.

The soil mark from the nursery pot on the stem of the plant should be near the soil’s surface when it is placed in the hole. The roots should be dispersed widely. Refill the hole with a mixture of native soil, aged compost, or commercial organic planting mix, and fill it in firmly to prevent air pockets from forming between the roots. When it’s time to water, moisten the soil and make a small dirt basin around the trunk. Using tree ties, fasten the tree to the stake. After planting, give each tree plenty of water and fertilize with a liquid starter fertilizer with a high phosphorus content.

Mango harvesting tips
Avoid placing recently gathered fruits in the sun. Harvest the mango fruit and the stem that it is attached to. Otherwise, the fruit will leak out the gummy mucilage, creating dark blotches ᴄʟᴏsᴇ to the stem end. It’s possible that not all the fruits on a single tree ripen at the same time. As a result, it is advised to do two to three rounds of harvesting in an orchard every week. Don’t allow the fruits to fall to the ground when you are harvesting them. For effective mango fruit collecting and harvesting, use specialist harvesters with a blade and nylon net.

Fruits that have been harvested should undergo decapping treatment as soon as possible to prevent ᴅᴀᴍᴀɢᴇ from sap flow. Fruit should be collected quickly after being harvested in order to get them out of the hot orchard environment, then they should be washed and dried before being stored.

Thank you for visiting our website! We hope you found soᴍᴇᴛʜing that sparked interest on our website.

Video resource: Complete Agriculture